Cause/Risk Factors of Degenerative Disc Disease
As we age, spinal discs can break down and sometimes result in degenerative disc disease. Several factors contribute to this, including:
Loss of fluid: spinal discs and joints are partly composed of cartilage. Over time, the water and protein content of the body’s cartilage changes, resulting in weaker, more fragile and thinner cartilage throughout the body.
Tears or cracks in the outer layer of the disc: tiny cracks or tears in the outer layer of the disc can cause the disc to bulge, break open or break into fragments.
Injuries: injuries to this disc from a fall or a car accident or certain sport activities can cause swelling, soreness and instability.