Have a Chronic Condition Affecting Your Connective Tissue?

Myofascial pain is a chronic condition that affects the connective tissue—called fascia—that covers the muscles. With myofascial pain, pressure on sensitive trigger points in the muscle causes referred pain, which is pain in a seemingly unrelated part of the body.

Cause/Risk Factors of Myofascial Pain

Myofascial pain syndrome is caused by a stimulus, such as pressure, that sets off trigger points in the muscles. Risk factors include muscle injury; stress and anxiety; and excessive strain on a particular muscle or muscle group. Other causes can include:

  • Injury to an intervertebral disc
  • General fatigue
  • Repetitive muscle motion
  • Medical conditions
  • Lack of activity

Symptoms of Myofascial Pain

Myofascial pain symptoms can include:

  • Deep, aching pain in a muscle
  • Trigger points that are tender to the touch
  • Pain that persists or worsens
  • A tender knot in the muscle
  • Difficulty sleeping due to pain

Diagnosis of Myofascial Pain

During a physical exam, your PMIR pain specialist may apply gentle pressure to the painful area in an attempt to elicit a response from its trigger points. In myofascial pain, four types of trigger points can be distinguished:

  • An active trigger point, which is an area of extreme tenderness that lies within the skeletal muscle.
  • A latent trigger point is a dormant area that has the potential to act like a trigger point.
  • A secondary trigger point is a very sensitive spot in a muscle that can become active due to a trigger point and overload in another muscle.
  • A satellite myofascial trigger point is a very sensitive spot in a muscle that becomes inactive because the muscle is in the region of another trigger point.

Treatment of Myofascial Pain

At PMIR Medical Center, we understand that pain is a complex condition that affects the whole person—body, mind and spirit. We provide a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to treatment, customizing the most effective treatment plans for our patients and empowering them to become a collaborative partner in their recovery process.

When treating myofascial pain, it is important to address factors that might be contributing to the condition, including poor posture, workplace ergonomics, or mechanical problems. The treatment options we offer for myofascial pain typically include:

We specialize in non-medication-based therapies to help our patients achieve sustained pain relief. However, we do offer pain medication, when necessary, as a supplement to other treatment options.

We may also recommend complementing your treatment at PMIR with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) options that include:

  • Acupuncture
  • Massage
  • Physical therapy

Make An Appointment Today

To learn more about how we treat myofascial pain and to find the treatment plan that might be best for you, contact us directly via our online form or request an appointment today by calling (855) 764-7633.

Talk to our Pain and Spine Specialists